Know Your Baseball Basics
Baseball is a contact sport played between teams who each take turns hitting. When a team takes turns being on offense, members of that team take turns attempting to hit a baseball with a given pitching style. The game also goes on when a pitcher on the pitching team, known as the starter, tosses a ball that a member of the pitching team, known as the reliever, attempts to hit with a batsman. When the reliever successfully gets a hitter to hit the ball, the team playing defense gets one turn to baseball. The turn is referred to as the “inning.” In most baseball leagues, a team must remain in regulation shape throughout a series of games, or they will be declared ineligible to participate in another series of games.
Baseball, unlike most sports, is not a season by season sport. The best teams in the league play throughout the entire year, and in most seasons the same teams play every other week. Unlike basketball and football, baseball is not designed so that each team must get at least thirteen plays in a game; if more than this number of plays are made, the game is declared incomplete and the teams play again after three days.
In baseball, there are fourteen different positions in a game, and these positions are commonly referred to as positions (e.g., third basemen, second basemen, first basemen, second hitters, etc.). In addition to these fourteen positions in baseball, teams may use one, two, or three players on offense and one, two, or three players on defense. Most baseball leagues require that a minimum of thirteen players be on each team at all times; the remaining seven must be on the field during the regular season only. These rules are in place to prevent too many players on a team on offense, while allowing for adequate defensive positioning throughout a baseball game.
To further complicate baseball, another player who may not actually be on the team playing a specific position (known as the “specialist” or “bench”) is known as the “pitcher.” A pitcher does not play an actual position during a baseball game; instead, he pitches. One of the most important roles a pitcher plays during a game is to protect the other runners on the field from dangerous grounders. By “pitching” (or ” fielding “the baseball”), a pitcher prevents damage to other runners by pitching out to them at a specific point in the play. The pitcher also controls the outcome of a baseball game by inducing the other runners to hit safely at a certain point in the play.
As previously mentioned, there are twenty-two different positions in a baseball game; however, there are also several different bases on which the baseball may be played. Of these bases, fourteen are on the field of play (third base, second base, home plate, first base, etc. ), six are on the bench (catcher, reliever, designated hitter, etc. ), and one is located behind the home plate.
In addition to control of the running games, pitchers are equipped with an arm that is just about as important as any other arm in baseball; hence, their ability to throw the ball to other players. Due to the unique motion of a pitcher throwing a baseball, it can be difficult for a catcher to determine if the thrown ball has actually been hit by a particular ball, especially if it is hit outside the box. To solve this problem, various gadgets have been designed to allow the catching coach to determine which balls have been hit outside the box, allowing the coaches to call the fouls, rather than the umpire. This allows the coaches to have more control over the running game.
Every successful team has a good starting pitcher and excellent relievers. In addition, a good cleanup hitter is also necessary for a successful cleanup team. One of the most important positions on a cleanup team, which is often misunderstood by fans, is the second base position. The position is actually more defensive than many other positions in baseball, as the second basemen must play the role of a defensive pitcher. He is charged with keeping the runner from stealing second base and he does this by throwing the runner out at first base (if the runner advances).
If the batter reaches in front of the home plate before the ball is thrown by a pitcher then called a hit, he must be tagged out. If the batter does not reach in front of the plate then the ball will be sent to first base without a runner being put out. If the ball is hit by a pitch or a wild pitch then the batter will be declared out. Normally a runner is put out when he advances too far on a throw from a pitcher. Therefore, the second basemen, or “back-up” men, are very valuable because they can easily replace a pitcher should he have an early exit or an error in the outfield.