The 4 Main Components of Sports Training
Sports training, by definition, means preparing physically for an athletic performance. It develops strength and stamina gradually, builds self-confidence, and improves their overall skill set. As seemingly easy as that might sound, actually creating the right sports training program that meets all of your physical goals can be a big challenge. But with determination and time, you can put together a plan that will help you reach your fitness goals. And as any professional athlete knows, the quicker you achieve them, the faster you can get to the next level. Here’s how to put together an effective plan of attack for reaching your fitness goals.
First, anaerobic energy systems are the most efficient way to train the body. Since speed is the characteristic of most athletic endeavors, anaerobic exercises are the ideal way to improve your speed, endurance, and agility. These activities also build strength because you are engaging multiple muscle groups at once. For example, when lifting weights, your weight lifting muscles benefit from the overload of lifting the weight as well as stimulating blood circulation, which increases your strength.
Strength training programs increase the size of the muscles, allowing you to lift more weight. The maximum amount of force that an athlete can exert is determined by his muscular size. Additionally, it improves the force that you can exert against an object. Bodyweight training programs include resistance training and bodybuilding. Resistance training improves your ability to produce force against your own body weight and applies force to opposing muscles. Bodybuilding improves your muscular mass, which in turn increases your athletic performance.
Sports and recreational activities often require the athlete or participant to use many muscle groups at the same time. Flexibility training focuses on increasing the range of motion of joints and muscles. This results in better posture, less pain and injury and enhanced overall flexibility. Improving flexibility enhances the athlete’s performance in indoor and outdoor sports as well as physical performance in general.
Most individuals think that athletes with superior motor abilities, such as golfers, have the greatest chances for success. However, research has shown that golfers with greater flexibility have a better chance of maintaining their level of play even after they have developed injury. In addition, flexibility helps prevent the development of injuries related to strength. It decreases the risk of strains, sprains, tendinitis and other athletic injuries.
Tactical Sports Training Focuses on the tactical situation, tactical sports training concentrates on the skills that will help you win an interactive sporting event. Sports that fall into this category include: volleyball, basketball, badminton, table tennis, golf, wrestling, soccer, track and field, and taebo. The purpose of this training is to train athletes to increase their skills in specific sports performance factors, such as speed, agility, quickness, endurance, flexibility, balance, and hand-eye coordination. Although most techniques and drills for these sports can be done by individuals who are not involved in competitive athletics, fitness trainers specialize in helping athletes to improve their tactical skills.
Strength and Power Training Focusing on weightlifting, bodybuilding, or power training is another aspect of sports discipline. Athletes that focus on strength and power often excel at competitive sports. A basic example would be a football receiver who plays cornerback. The receiver must possess good speed, agility, and strong body conditioning to be a successful cornerback. Although these athletes may possess unique genetic gifts, training programs designed to develop these specific athletic abilities help the athlete to become better and more successful. Bodybuilding and power training require the athlete to use their strength and explosive power to quickly, efficiently, and effectively lift weights and build muscle.
Psychological Training The psychological component focuses on the ability of an athlete to perform at his or her best. It is often said that psychological training is the last step in the ladder of success. This training helps an athlete to increase his or her mental game by teaching strategies to deal with pressure. It also provides knowledge of how to stay focused and dedicated to achieving maximum efficiency. Most psychological training is based on old age-old techniques like visualization and self-talk. However, new methods of improving performance using neuro-linguistic programming and brainwave technology have created new strategies to help improve mental performance.